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HIV-1/2 3.0 Rapid Test SD Bioline

Catalogue Number: 
30 Tests
Whole, Capillary, Serum, Plasma

One step rapid test for the detection of antibodies to HIV-1/HIV-2


HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is recognized as the etiologic agent of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The virus is transmitted by sexual contact, exposure to infected blood, certain body fluids or tissues, and from mother to fetus or child during the perinatal period. HIV-1 has been isolated from patients with AIDS and AIDS related complex, and from healthy persons with high potential risk of developing AIDS. Patients with HIV-2 are found primarily in parts of West Africa. Its course is marked by increasing levels of viral replication and the emergence of more virulent viral strains. This process causes the destruction of the immune system. HIV infection is staged by CD4 cell counts and clinical symptoms. Not all people progress through all "stages" and the time frames may also vary greatly from person to person. HIV-1 and HIV-2 are similar in their morphology, cell tropism, host interaction and generic structure. Serological studies have determined that HIV-1 and HIV-2 have multiple common epitopes in core antigens but much less so in the envelope antigens. This clinical diagnostic issues related to HIV are the detection of antibodies to HIV1/2 in human plasma or serum by immunoassay. Among the existing immunological method, the ELISA format and immunochromatographic format (rapid) to detect antibodies to HIV1/2 are available.


Assay Time: 5 - 20 minutes

Sample Type: Capillary, Whole Blood, Serum, Plasma


The SD BIOLINE HIV 1/2 3.0 test contains a membrane strip, which is precoated with recombinant HIV-1 capture antigen (gp41, p24) on test line 1 region and with recombinant HIV-2 capture antigen (gp36) on test line 2 region respectively. The recombinant HIV-1/2 antigen (gp41, p24 and gp36)- colloid gold conjugate and the sample move along the membrane chromatographically to the test region (T) and forms a visible line as the antigen- antibody-antigen gold particle complex forms with high degree of sensitivity and specificity. The Test line and control line in the result window have been clearly label : “1” for test line 1 and “2” for test line 2 and “C” for Control line. Both test line and control lines in the result window are not visible before applying any sample. The Control line is used for procedural control and should always appear if the test procedure is performed correctly. The SD BIOLINE HIV 1/2 3.0 kit is a rapid, qualitative test for the detection of antibodies to all isotypes (IgG, IgM, IgA) specific to HIV-1 and HIV-2 simultaneously in human serum, plasma or whole blood. The SD BIOLINE HIV 1/2 3.0 kit is intended for professional use, only for an initial screening test and reactive samples should be confirmed by a supplemental assay such as ELISA or Western Blot test.